Appel à communication : « War Graves, Cemeteries & Memorial Shrines » (février-septembre 2014, Berlin-Munich)

Berlin (Germany), 19.-20.2.2014/ Munich (Germany), 25.-26.9.2014
Deadline-CFP: 15 juil. 2013

War Graves, War Cemeteries, and Memorial Shrines as a building task (1914 to 1989) – A Two-Part Colloquium 2014

Despite the spadework of scholars such as Meinhold Lurz, Monika Kuberek, Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn, and Christian Fuhrmeister, the analysis of war graves and soldier cemeteries still is a desideratum in the fields of art history and architectural history. Particularly in reference to the centennial of the events of World War I and the concomitant centenary of the Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgraeberfuersorge e.V. (German War Graves Commission, founded 1919), a critical reflection on the current state of research is essential. The colloquium will discuss this theme from different perspectives and methodical approaches, with a focus on an analysis of memorial architecture as well as the full range of traditional visual and textual sources. The central question is to what extent an approach that is genuinely centered on objects and sources related to soldier graves, collective cemeteries, and war gravesites of the first and second World Wars can contribute to our understanding of the history of war and death in the 20th century.

Other academic fields dealing with this subject area – such as garden history, landscape and open space planning, anthropology and empirical cultural studies as well as military, social and contemporary history – provide important interdisciplinary points of contact for the colloquium. In individual cases a decidedly comparative perspective will be required in order to distinguish the singularities of the semi-governmental German commemoration of the dead from the commemorative architecture of other nations. Finally, given the current tendency towards an increasingly virtual memory culture, the history of the use of these necessarily “uncomfortable” facilities – somewhere between political funerary cult, the right of eternal rest, architectural monument, cultural heritage, and international learning center – must be addressed.

The first part of the colloquium will be hosted by the Institut fuer Kunst- und Bildgeschichte, Humboldt-Universitaet Berlin on February 19th and 20th, 2014. The second part will take place at the Zentralinstitut fuer Kunstgeschichte in Munich on September 25th and 26th, 2014. Speakers’ travel and accommodation expenses will be reimbursed upon approval of a pending grant. In accordance with the nature of academic dialogue, both advanced students and experts are cordially invited to submit their proposal for a brief (10 minutes) or a more elaborate (25 minutes) contribution in either German, English, French, or Italian. Presentations may draw from recent qualified publications as well as pending research projects concerning, for example, the iconography of specific cemeteries, architects such as Robert Tischler, Ernst May, Paul Schmitthenner, and Dieter Oesterlen, sculptors like Fritz Schmoll referred to as Eisenwerth, and Gerhard Marcks, the Bauhüttenprinzip of the Volksbund (adopting the medieval principle of a mason’s lodge), the Totenburgen (fortresses of the dead), or the periodical Kriegsgraeberfuersorge. Preferential consideration will be given to projects that grapple with the (symbolic-)political message of the specific use of materials and design of German and other soldier cemeteries and war gravesites.

Please send your proposals (2 pages max.) by July 15th, 2013 to: Prof. Dr. Kai Kappel, Lehrstuhl für Geschichte der Architektur und des Städtebaus, Institut für Kunst- und Bildgeschichte der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Dr. Christian Fuhrmeister, Zentralinstitut für Kunstgeschichte, München


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